Categories of Disability Under IDEA - National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
The nation’s special education law is called the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA. As part of making special education and related services available to children with disabilities in the public schools, IDEA defines the term “child with a disability.” That definition includes specific disability terms, which are also defined by IDEA, as this webpage describes.
The IDEA’s disability terms and definitions guide how States in their own turn define disability and who is eligible for a free appropriate public education under special education law. The definitions of these specific disability terms from the IDEA regulations are shown beneath each term listed below. Note, in order to fully meet the definition (and eligibility for special education and related services) as a “child with a disability,” a child’s educational performance must be adversely affected due to the disability.
Commissioner's Advisory Panel (CAP) for Special Education Services
The Commissioner's Advisory Panel for Special Education Services was established pursuant to P.L.94-142 (Education of the Handicapped Act) and reauthorized through PL 108-446 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The Panel functions in an advisory capacity to the Office of Special Education and advises the Governor, Legislature and Commissioner on unmet needs in the education of children with disabilities.Its responsibilities are prescribed by section 4403 (6) of the State Education Law in accordance with section 612 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
For more information please visit: http://www.p12.nysed.gov/specialed/cap/